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【初中英语】八年级上册Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?单元知识点

2022-06-21         iXueHai.cn     爱学海 字体 - 小  + 大  纠错指正

Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?

单元知识点

一、重点短语

1、go on vacation 

2、quite a few 

3、stay at home 

4、take photos

5、most of the time 

6、go shopping 

7、in the countryside 

8、keep a diary 

9、have a good time = have fun = enjoy oneself

10、arrive in/at = get to = reach 

11、feel like 

12、in the past 

13、because of

14、find out 

15、of course 

16、visit museums 

17、go to summer camp

18、go to the beach 

19、anywhere interesting 

20、go out with sb 

21、seem to be

22、decide to do sth 

23、enough money 

24、the top of the mountain

25、something special 

26、so...that 

27、study for tests 

28、wait for

二、重点句型

1、---Where did you go on vacation? ---I went to New York City. 

2、---Did you buy anything special? ---Yes, I bought something for my father.

3、---How was the food? ---Everything tasted really good!

4、Still no one seemed to be bored. 

5、And because of the bad weather, we couldn't see anything below. 

三、语法

1、不定代词 

2、一般过去时

四、重要考点

1、复合不定代词的用法:

(1)something,anything,nothing,everything 是指物的不定代词。

somebody,someone,anybody,anyone,nobody,no one,everybody,everyone 是指人的不定代词。

somewhere,anywhere,nowhere,everywhere 是指地点的不定副词。

(2)当形容词修饰不定代词、不定副词时,放于其后。如: something special

(3)不定代词、不定副词做主语时,谓语动词用第三人称单数。

如:Is everybody here? 大 家 都 到 齐 了 吗 ?

 (4)something,somebody,someone,somewhere用于肯定句及表示请求或建议的疑问句中,而 anything,anybody,anyone,anywhere 用于否定句、疑问句及条件状语从句中。

2、辨析:

get to/reach/arrive 都是“到达“的意思

get to+地点=reach+地点= arrive at+地点(小)=arrive in+地点(大)

注意:若他们后面要加地点副词 here, there, home 等,则不需要加介词。

3、feel like 意为:“感受到;摸起来”,后跟宾语从句或名词。

如:I felt like I was a bird.我感觉我是一只鸟。

构成短语 feel like doing sth.意为“想做某事”。

如:I feel like eating.我想吃东西

4、 few 与 little 的区别:

5、Still no one seemed to be bored.仍然没有人感到烦闷。

 (1)seem 意为“好像;似乎;看来”,是个连系动词,构成的短语有:

seem to do sth.好像做某事 如 : They seem to wait for you. 

seem(to be)+adj.似乎...... 如: He seemed( to be)ill yesterday. 

It seems that + 从句 似乎...... 如: It seems that he was ill yesterday.

 (2)bored(adj),意为“感到厌倦的、无聊的”,修饰人;

boring(adj),意为“令人厌倦的、无聊的”修饰物。

如:I got bored with the boring work. 我对这无聊的工作感到厌倦。

相类似的词语还有: 

interested/ tired/ excited/ amazed/surprised

interesting/ tiring/ exciting/ amazing/surprising

6、decide(v)决定 decide to do sth.---- decide not to do sth. decision(n)

7、 Because of the bad weather, we couldn't't see anything below. 

8、 enough

(1)because of + 短语 I had to move because of my job. because + 句子 

如:I do it because I like it. 8、 enough +名词 如:enough umbrellas

(2)形容词/副词+enough 如:wet/quietly enough

(3)(形/副)+enough+ to do sth. 足 够 … 去 做 …

(4)enough+(名)+ to do sth. 足够…去做…

如:I have enough money to go to Beijing.我有足够的钱去北京。

She is not old enough to go to school. 她年龄不够,不能去上学。

9、 如此...以至于 

such+名短+ that 从句:She is such a popular girl that. 

so+形/副+that 从句:She is so popular that everyone likes her. 

10、反身代词

myself/yourself/itself/herself/himself/ourselves/yourselves/themselves

如 :The child(herself)usually wears the clothes(herself). 

11、What a difference a day makes! 一天的差异多大啊!

感叹句的结构

What(a/an)+ adj.+ n+主+谓!

How+ adj./adj.+主+谓!

五、习惯用法

(1)buy sth for sb./ buy sb.sth 为某人买某物

(2)taste + adj. 尝起来……

(3)nothing ….but + V.(原形) 除了…之外什么都没有

(4)try doing sth. 尝试做某事

try to do sth. 尽力做某事

try one`s best to do sth 尽力做某事

(5)enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

(6)want to do sth. 想去做某事

(7)start doing sth. 开始做某事

(8)stop doing sth. 停止做某事

(9)look + adj 看起来

(10)dislike doing sth.不喜欢做某事

(11)Why not do sth. 为什么不做…….呢?

(12)so + adj + that + 从句 如 此 … 以 至 于

(13)tell sb.(not)to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

(14)forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事

forget doing sth 忘记去做某事


上一篇【初中英语】八年级英语下册 Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet? 重点短语、句型

下一篇【初中英语】八年级上册Unit 2 How often do you exercise?单元知识点

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